Maulana Sheikh Mohammed Al-Hilli
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Name: Maulana Sheikh Mohammed Al-Hilli
Age: NIL
Location: London, UK
Expertize: Quranic commentary, social, historic, moral and jurispreudential areas of revelance to Muslims in the West
Question:The english translation of ruling 1750 says that “it is haraam for the children to observe a Mustahab fast if it causes emotional suffering to their parents.”
Does “children” here mean small children or sons and daughters regardless of age?

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: This is for any children that are still being looked after by their parents, ie dependents
Question:I have read and heard in the past : to the Eyes of Allah swt fasting is even greater than praying because a female that is in her period does not need to repay her Salaah but has to repay her fast. Was this a hadith or an incident ? I cant remember more details about this


Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: No this is not the case. One is not able to derive this based on the ruling, as this would be conjecture (qiyas) which is not permissible. Both prayers and fasting are obligatory and beloved to Allah (swt)
Question:How does one attend family house when one does not feel comfortable? Therefore one has stopped going. They have said that when we invite you never come. One has to make excuses not to attend. The environment is about gossiping, getting too involved in others lives, listening to music etc.

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: Perhaps attending for a short while or explaining the reason is the best way forward
Question:My brother in law works as a crew in airlines and travel abroad very frequently. Today he has a flight at 4:30 pm and he will reach switzerland at 12 midnight. What is the ruling for breaking fast. He should break the fast on time in flight or after reaching? The flight time is 7-8 hrs

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: He can break the fast in the plane when he sees that it’s dark outside (ie sun has completely set)
Question:Recently I have come across a difference in understanding of the translation/tafseer of Surah 7, Verse 46. This verse speaks about the individuals who are on top of Al-A’raf (the elevated wall) and are able to recognize people based on their marks.

‎وَبَيْنَهُمَا حِجَابٌ ۚ وَعَلَى الْأَعْرَافِ رِجَالٌ يَعْرِفُونَ كُلًّا بِسِيمَاهُمْ ۚ وَنَادَوْا أَصْحَابَ الْجَنَّةِ أَنْ سَلَامٌ عَلَيْكُمْ ۚ لَمْ يَدْخُلُوهَا وَهُمْ يَطْمَعُونَ

[46] A barrier divides the two groups with men on its heights recognizing each group by their marks: they will call out to the people of the Garden, ‘Peace be with you!’- they will not have entered, but they will be hoping,

The meaning according to the Sunni school of thought suggest that this is in regards to people whose good deeds equal their bad deeds.

From my understanding, the Shia perspective is that these individuals are in fact the Ahlulbayt (and/or the Prophets). What is the basis behind this? Are there authenticated narrations that indicate this?

Ayatollah:Khamenei

Answer: Ash-Shaykh al-Mufid comments that: "It has been said that al-A‘raf is a mountain midway between Paradise and the Fire. Also, that it is a dividing wall between Paradise and Hell. It is generally considered a (particular) place belonging neither to Paradise nor to Hell."These interpretations are confirmed by traditions, which furthermore, state that on the Day of Resurrection there will be found upon it the Messenger of Allah, the Commander of the Believers and the Imams from his progeny – may the blessing of Allah be upon him and his family.
Those are they whom Allah, the Exalted, and means by His saying:
And on the ramparts do men know each by their mark, who shall call to the inhabitants of Paradise: "Peace be upon you! They have not entered it, for all their eagerness" [7:46],
that is, because Allah, the Almighty, will enable them to discriminate between the inhabitants of Paradise and those of Hell by signs resembling marks.
This He illustrates further in His saying:
"They know each by their mark". And also: The sinners shall be known by their marks [55:41].
He the Almighty, also says:
Surely in that are signs for such as mark; surely they are on a way still un- effaced [15:75-76].
Thus, He tells that amongst His creatures there is a group which scrutinizes men and knows them by the marks they bear. It has been related from the Commander of the Believers, peace be upon him, that he has said in some of his narrations, "I am the holder of the baton and the clear-sighted", which means that he knows the state of him whom he scrutinizes carefully.
It has been related from Abu Ja‘far Muhammad al- Baqir, peace be upon him, that he was questioned on the meaning of the speech of Allah: "Surely in that are signs for such as mark1 , he said, "That it refers to us, the People of the House (i.e., the Imams, peace be upon them)." It is also mentioned in the traditions that Allah, the Almighty will place therein, that is, al-A‘raf, a group of men who have failed to merit Paradise by their good acts and have not deserved punishment, yet they do not merit an eternal abode in Hell; among these are they who wait for the decision of Allah and entertain hope of intercession; they will abide there till they are permitted to enter Paradise through the intercession of the Prophet, peace be upon him and his progeny, and the Commander of the Believers and the Imams, peace be upon them.
It has been mentioned also that it is an abode of those who were not subject to any relig- ious obligation in their lifetime, thus they do not deserve either Paradise or Hell; therefore Allah will place them therein and recompense them with a certain grace which is far below that of those who merited it by the virtue of their acts. Hence, all that is mentioned above (concerning al-A‘raf) is tenable by reason and confirmed by traditions, and yet Allah best knows the truth. What is generally accepted regarding al-A‘raf is that it is a place midway between Paradise and Hell; there will stand those whom we call the Proofs of Allah to His creatures (Hujaj Allah, that is, the Prophet and the Imams); there, also, will be those whose final judgment has been deferred. Beyond this Allah knows best what will be.
* 1. See al-Kulayni, al-Kafi, vol.l, p.218, Tradition nos.l & 2. Also, al-Mufid,al-Ikhtisas, p.303.

https://www.al-islam.org/emendation-shiite-creed-shaykh-al-mufid/24-chapter-al-araf
Question:I have not paid Khums in my life. I wanted to do it now...Can you please let me know how to compute the Khums for the first time?

Ayatollah:Bashir Najafi

Answer: You need to estimate as far back as possible, as well as deduct the loan from the khums. Please read this book and if you have any questions please ask:

https://www.al-islam.org/khums-islamic-tax-sayyid-muhammad-rizvi
Question:What is the ruling of agha seestani for the leather products made in China, India, Italy, Portugal, Brazil and these products purchased from UAE. Can we give probability of tazkia and considered it as tahir and use those products or those products are najis.

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: If you’re sure they are from the countries mentioned, it’s likely to be Najis, since his ruling is whether there is a chance they are made from dhabeeha which is halal. It is unlikely that this is the case in those countries, since they’re not majority Muslim countries, unless you have information that dhabeeha was used
Question:We know there are 4 living prophets. I only know Isa is in the heavens and Khizr on the land. The two remaining, Idris and Ilyas, where are they? Any evidence from Quran or ahadith on these 4 living prophets? Will all 4 re-appear when 12th Imam (a) reappears?

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: Re Prophet Idris: check surah Mariam verse 57
Re Prophet Ilyas: historic narrations such as in Tabari point to Allah raising him to heavens

Yes they will all return with the holy 12th Imam, the awaited saviour, Inshallah
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