Maulana Sheikh Mohammed Al-Hilli
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Name: Maulana Sheikh Mohammed Al-Hilli
Age: NIL
Location: London, UK
Expertize: Quranic commentary, social, historic, moral and jurispreudential areas of revelance to Muslims in the West
Question:There is a app available now called "instacart" where you can work as someone who buys people groceries. Now there are many things in the store which are not halal for a muslim to eat but is delivering it an issue? My main concern would be pork. Is this job halal for a muslim and which things should he watch out for?

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: If the delivery includes alcohol or such products, then it’s not permissible to undertake
Otherwise there is no problem in taking this role
Question:How can one help spouse attend lectures? They are not interested in religion. When one talks to them about religion, they say I am boring.

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: Don’t force them but rather have discussion about great benefits and rewards
Discuss why they find it boring and how you can remedy this
Also if you do some of the activities they enjoy they’ll accompany you in majalis as well
Question:How does one help their marriage? When their spouse does not like spending any time with them. They would rather spend all day at work or with work colleagues.You feel alone in your marriage. One has spoken to spouse but they don’t seem to understand and all you do is such repeat the same things all the time. They don’t seem to understand you. One has been married (removed) years and it’s going down the hill for sometime now.

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: There has to be external help from a qualified scholar and therapist. Such a marriage will not necessarily last and needs help. It’s not something negative but rather key to it’s survival.
Question:- One has been married for 7 years and I come from a Sunni family and within
2015 I have been blessed by Allah swt to follow the path of the Ahlulbayt (as). My spouse is from a Shia family, he has not told his family that my family are Sunni. I have not meet his parents as they live in India. He has visited many times and still goes but I have not gone with him. This causes and issue between us at times when we have argued in the past I felt that he does not respect my family because they are Sunni. When one asks him let’s visit my family he does not want to go and makes excuses. This leads to an argument. How does one overcome this issue? My family always ask why he does not come with me and I have to keep saying he is working even when he is not.
I understand that telling his parents maybe an sensitive issue as living in (removed) is so different to India the different cultures. My spouse is a (removed)’s boy and he still acts like a stubborn child at times. How can one overcome this?

My spouse is providing for us financially, I am really grateful for that. I would like to ask does my spouse have to financially support his (removed) that is married and has a child because her spouse does not work?

- My spouse has some habits since he was a child, I do not like them and don’t want to do them. When I say that, he gets into a mood about it and says that I don’t love him and only his family does. There are several things I don’t like what he says or does but I do it so we don’t argue. How can one overcome this?

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: 1. Re habits, you need to communicate this clearly and calmly over time and be flexible. Marriage is about adapting to situations that ppl are not comfortable with. He will also have comments about your habits. It’s about supporting each other. It should not be said in any way which is hurtful or abusive, but with respect.

2. He does not have to support his sister but it’s recommended as Islam says charity starts with Family. However it should not be at the expense of his immediate family

3. Meeting Family is important and part of marriage. One can not exclude Family in this partnership. This will only be resolved by clear and honest communication which happens not at times where he or you are stressed or angry, but at good times.
Don’t forget to ask Allah to help because it is only He who changes hearts
Question:How can one tell a sibling that they will not attend their wedding? There will be music in that function, it will be a mixed gathering and I don’t think hijab will be observed as they are not religious. I will not feel comfortable. It will probably cost a lot of money to attend. I have nothing against the sibling, but I feel that I will be emotionally blackmailed to attend the wedding by the parent. How can one overcome this?

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: It can be done with respect and relying on Allah (swt). It will be difficult but if you place Him first He will look after you and reward you. Try to explain it politely and later visit them to congratulate the couple at home.
Question:I am a newly wed and my husband has a habit of brushing his teeth in our kitchen sink and it bothers me because the sink is only for dishes and cooking not for spitting after brushing your teeth. I believe cleanliness and following ur wifes house rules is important, what is the ruling on this?

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: Marital life is about correct communication, trust and Love between each other. There should be understanding and compromises. At the beginning of the marriage you both will learn things about each other, and it’s important to be flexible and adapt as much as possible. Both sides need to sacrifice.

You need to discuss this with your husband calmly and carefully, not necessarily using anger or words etc

Be patient with him as he tries to change slowly but don’t give up and at same time you need to make sure you’re flexible too in other matters (other than practicing faith)
Question:Imam Ali (as) in sermon 80 of nahjul balagha is reported to have said "Women are deficient in Faith, deficient in shares and deficient in intelligence." What is the meaning of this statement and is deficient a correct translation here?

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: 1. It is likely in reference to a particular woman, eg one of the wives of prophet
2. Imam Ali (and all Ahlulbayt) have great respect and praised women in numerous traditions
3. It could refer to certain times of the month and not translated as such

This needs more extensive answer and there are good books and lectures on this
Question:I have recently started praying salat al leyl, and alhamdollelah this has sparked my interest in reading the other nafilah prayers as well. I’ve searched about it on the internet and found a bit of info. But i don’t feel like i am completely sure on how to do it. Could you explain the way to do nafilah for all of the obligatory prayers. And what to recite etc. God bless you.

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: There are many Mustahab prayers which are generally called Nafilah, but more stress has been laid on the daily Mustahab prayers. The number of the Rak'ats everyday excluding Friday, is 34. It is an follows:

8 Rak'ats Nafilah for Zuhr
8 Rak'ats Nafilah for Asr
4 Rak'ats Nafilah for Maghrib
2 Rak'ats Nafilah for Isha
11 Rak'ats Nafilah for Tahajjud (Namaz-e-Shab)
2 Rak'ats Nafilah for Fajr

776. The Zuhr Nafilah is offered before Zuhr prayers. Its time is from the commencement of the time of Zuhr, up to the time when the shadow of indicator equals 2/7th of its length. For example, if an indicator is 7 yards long, and the shadow appearing after Zuhr reaches 2 yards, the Nafilah time would end. He should now offer Zuhr prayers.

777. The Asr Nafilah are offered before Asr prayers, and its time is till the moment when the shadow of an indicator appearing after Zuhr, reaches of 4/7th of its length.
In case a person wishes to offer Zuhr and Asr Nafilah after their recommended time, he can offer the Zuhr Nafilah after Zuhr prayers, and the Asr Nafilah after Asr prayers, but as a precaution, he will not make niyyat of Ada or Qadha.

778. The Maghrib Nafilah should be offered after Maghrib prayers, and one should make an effort to offer it in time after Maghrib. However, if one delays offering Maghrib Nafilah till redness in the western sky disappears, then it would be better to offer Isha prayers at that moment.

779. The time for Isha Nafilah is from the completion of Isha prayers till midnight. It is better to offer it immediately, after Isha prayers.

780. The Fajr Nafilah is offered before the Fajr prayers, and its time commences when Namaz-e-Shab has been completed, till the time of Namaz-e-Fajr draws near. But if someone delays it till redness is seen in the eastern sky, then it is better to pray namaz of Fajr.
Question:My question is can we use deodorants and perfume which have alcohol content in it, on the clothes we use to pray namaz and even otherwise.

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: Yes that is fine
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