Maulana Syed Ali Zafar Zaidi
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Name: Maulana Syed Ali Zafar Zaidi
Age: NIL
Location: Mwanza, Tanzania
Expertize: Islamic Philosophy, Aqaid, Fiqh, Quranic Sciences, International politics
Question:1) How do i explain to my shia classmates that its good to fast in Muharram?

2) And how is tahajjud prayer prayed? The one at 12am. I want to know how many raka's and what surah to recite?

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: 1) Fasting on 1st day of Muharram (Al-Muraqibat – Mirza Tabrisi) is like spending the entire year in good actions; there is protection until following year and if one dies within the year, he/she secures a place in Janna. In Nafasul Mahamoon (Shaykh Abbas Qummi) quotes: Imam Ridha (pbuh) asks his companion, Ar Rayyan ibn Shabeeb – “Are you fasting?” He answers no. Imam then says: “Yabna Shabeeb! This is the day when Zakariyya at 75 years prayed to his Rabb (3:38) for a child. Allah accepts his dua and commands angel to go to his mihraab and announce the good news of a son Yahya (3:39). One who fasts and invokes Allah He will accept as the dua of Zakariyya”
It is mustahab to fast on the first nine days of the month.

2) The time for praying Salatul-Layl is from midnight (midnight is reckoned as the time which is exactly half the time between sunset and the actual dawn) to the time of Adhan for Fajr prayers. However, it can be prayed at anytime after Isha prayers but it is better to pray during the last part of the night near to the time of Fajr prayers. If it is not possible to pray after midnight or before Fajr, then it can be recited in the morning or any part of the day with the niyyah (intention) of Qadha. It is better to recite with the niyyah of Qadha during the day time than to pray in the early part of the night. 

Salatul-Layl is made up of Eleven Rak’ats.
Question:I have a question about make-up and I would like to hear the answer in Arabic to show it to non english-speaking friends. Is it Halal or Haram according to sayyid Ali Sistani

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: السؤال: هل وضع المكياج حرام اذا كان بشكل غير ملفت للنظر ؟
الجواب: يحرم الظهور به امام الاجنبي .
٢السؤال: هل يجوز عمل الوشم الملون على الحاجبين المسمى (التاتو) للنساء؟
وهل الغسل والوضوء صحيحان مع التاتو؟
الجواب: الوشم تحت الجلد جائز في حد نفسه ولكن لا يجوز للمرأة اظهاره امام الاجانب اذا كان من الزينة ولا يضر بالغسل والوضوء والصلاة.
٣السؤال: ما حكم وضع النساء والفتيات المكياج بغض النظر عن كميته أو نوعه علي الوجه أثناء خروجها من المنزل (للعمل، للدراسة، ...)؟
الجواب: لايجوز الظهور به امام الاجانب.
٤السؤال: اود أن أسال عن حكم تقليم حاجب المرأة ؟
الجواب: يجوز.
٥السؤال: هل يجوز للرجال اخذ الخيط ( الحفافة) عند الحلاقين للتجميل؟
الجواب: يجوز ولا يجوز على الأحوط حلق اللحية.
٦السؤال: هل يجوز للزوجة ان تظهر امام أخ الزوج بالمكياج او بدون جواريب ؟
الجواب: لا يجوز لها ذلك وحرام .
٧السؤال: ما حكم وضع الكحل للمرأة عند الخروج من البيت وهل هو من الزينة المستثناة؟
الجواب: وان كان ذلك من الزينة الظاهرة المستثناة من حرمة ابداء المراة زينتها للرجال الاجانب ولكن لابد ان لايكون الابداء بداعي ايقاع الغير في النظر المحرم و لاموجبا لاثارة الفتنة ولو نوعا ولاتعلم بوقوعها في الحرام من جراء ذلك، وإن كان الأحوط تركه مطلقاً.
٨السؤال: ما الذي يجوز لها ابداؤه من زينة الذهب امام الاجانب؟
الجواب: الخاتم والسوار،بشرط ان لا يكون ابداؤهما بداعي ايقاع الغير في النظر المحرم او موجباً لاثارة الفتنة نوعاً، ولاتخاف على نفسها الوقوع في الحرام بسببه.
٩السؤال: هل يجوز في الحجاب الشرعي ان تستخدم فيه بعض الترتيبات مثل الكريستال، والزخارف الملونة والقطع الشفافة والتي قد تكشف عن بعض اجزاء الجسم؟
الجواب: اما استخدام القطع الشفافة فلا يجوز من حيث منافاتها للستر الواجب واما استخدام الزينة علي الحجاب فهو غير جائز ايضاً لعدم استثنائهم من الزينة التي لا يجوز ابداؤها للرجال الاجانب.
١٠السؤال: تضع بعض النساء مساحيق على الوجه تدعى (الطبيعي) لاخفاء الشحوب الموجود فيه والتغطية على التجعدات دون ان تكون ملفتة للنظر كالمكياج المتعارف او تعطي الوجه بياضاً أكثر فقط فما حكمه الشرعي ؟
الجواب: هذا نحو من التزين ولا يجوز الظهور معه أمام غير المحرم .
Question:Agar hum Imam ki zamanat mein de k hath mein dhaga bane toh koi problem hai ??

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: Shariat ke according har woh kam jo shariat ke naam kiya jaye agar usse woh kaam na Sunnat e Rasool hai na Sunnat Aimmah magar usse Din ki shakl main koi tabdeeli nahi aati to use anjam dene main koi mushkil nahin hai.
Question:This morning I burnt incense while fasting - I thought it would be ok. The incense was 2 meters away. I realized that it may not be okay to burn incense so I quickly put it off as I felt the sense of smell. I did not see smoke except when I lit it. Now I am concerned whether my fast is in order or not.

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: Your fast is in order. Any fragrance smelling directly to it while fasting is makrooh and do not invalidate the fast.
Question:Meri wife Aur mere parents ki banti nahi hai. Dono ki soch alag alag hai. Dono apni apni jagah par sahi hai. Wife alag hone ko bol rahi hai. Mujhe kya Karna chahiye. Husband ke huqooq bataye.

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: Islam main Bete (son) ke Huqooq main se eh hai ke woh apne waledain ki ita’at kare har us kam main jo shariat ke against na ho. Aur unke kharj ko bardasht kare agar woh is layeq nahin hain ke apna kharj utha saken.
Ab agar aapke alag rahne se unki dilaazari hoti hai aur unko takleef hoti hai to aisa kaam Mat kijia jisse unko takleef ho.
Jahan tak wife aur husband ke rights ki baat hai to Husband ka pahle haqq eh hai ke woh apni wife ke tamam kharj ko poora kare aur use na zahni takleef de aur na jismani. Iske baad agar Shuhar aisa karta hai to wife per wajib hai ke woh apne shauhar ki ita’at kare aur uska har amal main sath de.
Lehaza aapke issue main aap jahan tak ho sake apne Parents ko aur apni wife dono ko convince Karen aur ek mutual understanding maintain karen.
Kuch akhlaqi bate sirf aapse related hai ke apni aur apni wife ki sari baten apne Parents se share na karen aur isi tarah apne Parents ki baten apni wife se. Bahot si baton ko nazar andaz karen aur dono ke beech connecting link ki tarah rahen.
Question:Mai Muhammad al-Mahdi as k bare m sb janna chahta hoon history maine kabhi inki hadis nae suni.

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: A Short Biography of Imam Mahdi (aj)
Hazrat Imam Mahdi (aj) is the twelfth and last of the chain of the Purified Imams (as) and the divine successors. He was born at the time of dawn, on Friday the 15th of Shaban 255 A.H. in the city of Samarrah1.

His respected father is Imam Hasan al-Askari (as). His beloved mother is Janab al-Nargis Khatoon (ra). She was the descendant of the Caesar of Rome from her father's side and from her mother's side she had descended from shamoon the vicegerant of Hazrat Isa (as).2

This exalted personality has the same name and kunniyat (agnomen) as the Holy Prophet (S). His titles are Mahdi, Hujjat, Qaem, Montazer, Sahibuzzaman and Khalaf al-saleh. His most famous honourific however is Al-Mahdi (aj).3

Ibn Khallikaan writes; "His well-known title is Hujjat. The shias know him by the titles, Montazar, Qaem and Mahdi"4

The great scholar Mohaddith al-Noori has collected 182 titles of Imam Mahdi (aj) from the Islamic texts. Each of these titles signify each of his virtuous qualities.5

The tyrant Abbasid rulers were aware of the prophecies of the Holy Prophet (S). That the son of Imam Hasan al-Askari (as) by the name of Mahdi will appear to remove all kinds of corruption and tyranny; hence they planned to eliminate the child when he is bom. Due to this the birth of Imam Mahdi (aj) was kept a secret like that of Hazrat Ibrahim (as). So much so that except for the most trusted of the shias and his own family, no one knew of the existence of Hazrat (as). In spite of this whenever there was an opportunity, Imam Hasan al-Askari (as) showed his son to his trustworthy followers; that in future they may follow him. This was in order that the shias may remain firm upon the right path, and not be led astray. A servant Abu Ghanim says:

"Abu Muhammad (as) has a son whose name is Muhammad." On the third day of his birth he brought him before his companions and said:

"After me he is your Master of the affair, he is my successor, he is the same 'Qaem', who is awaited by alt When the earth will be fraught with injustice and oppression then he will reappear and fill the earth with justice and righteousness."6

The early years of his life were spent in the usual way. When he was in his fifth year, he lost his respected father.7

After this tragic event the responsibility of guiding the shias was transferred upon him. At this time, Hazrat (as) possessed all the qualities and the divine knowledge that was bestowed upon the previous Imams (as), by the Almighty. In the same way as Hazrat Yahya (as) in his childhood and Hazrat Isa (as) in his infancy was favoured with the divine office of Prophethood by Allah.8

Although all the Imams (as) were holding the divine office of wilayat, the efforts of the enemies to eliminate the twelfth Imam (as) were maximum. Hence Imam az-Zaman (as) was entrusted to ghaibat and being away from the sight of people, he had to fulfill all the duties of an Imam.

It is said that the concealed life of Hazrat Mahdi (aj) is not something extraordinary. Rather, in the life of so many Prophets (as) and even Imams (as) it is seen, that they were at some time, in concealment from the people. The Holy Quran records the concealment of various prophets (as) like Hazrat Ibrahim (as)9, Hazrat Musa (as)10 and Hazrat Isa (as)11.

The Holy Prophet (S) and the Imams (as) had pointed out to the people the imminent occultation of their last proof (Imam Mahdi-aj), so that no doubt or misunderstanding should remain, regarding this problem.

The occultation (Ghaibat) of the twelfth Imam consists of two phases: one is Ghaibat al-Sughra (The lesser occultation) and the second is Ghaibat al-Kubra (The greater occultation). Imam Ja’far as Sadiq (as) said:

'There are two occultations for Qaem. One is short and the other prolonged. In the short occultation only the special shias will know of his whereabouts. And in the longer occultation only his trustworthy servants will know where he is"12

According to the well-known reports, the lesser occultation (ghaibat al-sugra) commenced from the year of his Imamat in 260 A.H and continued for 69 years. Some of the scholars like Shaykh Mufeed and Syed Mohsin Amin Amili maintain that ghaibat al-sugra began right from the time of his birth.13

Because, even in those early years, Hazrat (aj) was concealed from the common people. According to this method, the period of ghaibat al-sugra comes to seventy four years.

During the period of ghaibat al-sugra. Imam Mahdi (aj) himself appointed his deputies from among the righteous shias. Four of them succeeded each other and continued to fulfill the duty of intermediaries. These four personalities conveyed the questions and problems to Imam (aj) and brought back the Imam's (aj) answers for the people. The first of these deputies was Janab Abu Amroo Usman Bin Saeed Amri. Before this he was a representative of Imam Hasan al Askari (as)14

Shaykh Tusi writes: “On the fortieth day the shias were sitting in the company of Imam Hasan al-Askari (as), when Imam Askari (as) wished that they recognise his Hujyat after him..... Suddenly a handsome child was brought before them. He resembled Abu Muhammad (as).

Then Imam al-Askari (as) said: "He is your Imam after me. And my successor upon you. Obey him, and do not go astray after me (after my death), otherwise your religion shall be destroyed and you will be annihilated. Know that, after today you shall not see him, even if you spend your whole life for it. Hence, accept what Usman tells you, obey his commands and listen to what he says. Because he is the representative of your Imam and holds the responsibility.15

After the death of Usman bin Saeed, his pious son, Muhammad bin Usman succeeded his father upon the post of the deputyship of Imam az-Zaman (aj).16

Shaikh Tusi has recorded the letters sent by Imam Hasan al Askari (as) and Imam Mahdi (aj) to Usman bin Saeed and his son Abu Jafar Muhammad ibne Usman for the shias. These letters consists of commands, prohibitions and replies to the questions of the shias.17

Muhammad ibne Usman passed away from this world at the end of Jamadi-ul-Awwal in the year 304 or 305 A.H.18

During the time of his illness, as he laid on the sick-bed, the shias and their children came and surrounded him. They asked: "If something happens, whom should we consult instead of you?" He answered, "This Abul Qasim Husayn ibn Ruh ibne Bahr Nawbakhti is successor. And he is the intermediary between you and the Master affair (Imam Mahdi- aj), and his agent. He is trustworthy and reliable. Consult him, and in case of important matters, rely upon him. I have been ordered to announce this, and I have announced it"19

Husain Ibn Ruh Nawbakhti was. one of the agents of Muhammad ibn Usman in Baghdad. He had been working closely with him for a long time. These agents used to be in contact with the people and when ordered they handed over the goods to them20. Husayn ibn Ruh died in Shaban 326 A.H21

The last safir was Abul Hasan Ali Ibn Muhammad Seymoori. He became the deputy of Imam Mahdi (aj) according to the will of Husain ibn Ruh. He died after three years on the 15th of Shaban 329 A.H.22

The graves (tombs) of these four respected deputies (Nawwab al -Arba, as they are commonly known) are situated in Baghdad.23

The most sensitive and crucial period of ghaibat al-sugra was when Ali Ibn Mohammad died. Because till his death the people were is contact with Imam az-Zaman (aj) through him. After his death, it was the commencement of Ghaibat al-Kubra.

Six days before his death, Ali ibn Muhammad Seymoori received a communication from Imam az-Zaman (aj):

"...so be prepared, but appoint no one in your place, because from the day of your death, the period of my major occupation (Gaibatui Kubra) will begin. Henceforth, no one will see me, unless and until Allah makes me appear. My reappearance will take place after a very long time, when the world will be full of injustice and violence".24

Ultimately, the shining sun of the divine proof went behind the curtain of Ghaibat, completely. And the period of communication with Hazrat (through Nawab al-Arba) came to an end. In spite of this (his Ghaibat) Hazrat Mahdi (aj) is the Imam of the time and Imam of the world. He is the Divine Proof. Even though his person may be hidden from our eyes but his commands are clear.

Amirul Momineen Ali (as) announced from his pulpit at Kufa: "Even if the person of the Divine Proof is hidden while he guides the people, his knowledge and manners will be clear for them to follow"25

It is clear that the knowledge and practice of Imam Asr (as) is impeccable like the Quran. As was the sunnat of the Holy Prophet (S). It is obligatory for the people of faith (muslims) to act upon the Quran and sunnat, and to refrain from what they prohibit. The Holy Prophet (S) said:

"I leave behind two weighty things among you: The Book of Allah and my Progeny, my Ahlul Bayt If you adhere to those two you shall not go astray. And know that these two shall not separate till they meet me at Hauz (Kauthar)"26

During the period of Ghaibat al-Kubra, when it is not possible to establish communication with Imam az-Zaman (as) at will, the people have been ordered to follow the true teachings of the Quran and Ahlul Bayt (as) through the pious and religious scholars and the just jurists. The people must follow them to know what obligations they are supposed to fulfill.

Imam as-Sadiq (as):

"And among jurists (Fuqaha) are those who protect their selves (from sins) guard their religion, defy their carnal desires and are obedient to their master. It is incumbent upon the people to follow them. Such characteristics are found only in a few of them (Shias) and not all"27.

The jurists issue decrees for the people and explain to them truth about faith. They endeavour to fulfill the exalted duty of preparing the grounds for the reappearance of their master, Hazrat Mahdi (aj). So that by the coming of Hazrat (as) the Islamic faith may strengthen and that he may fill the earth with justice and equity.

1. Kamaaluddin vol. 2, Pg. 428, 433 424,430.
2. Kamaaluddin vol.2 Pg. 420,424.
3. Al Fusoolul Muhimma Pg.292, Nurul Absaar Pg. 168.
4. Wafayatui Ayaan vol.4 Pg 176.
5. Najm-us-saaqib Pg. 41-98.
6. Kamaaluddin Vol. 2 Pg. 431.
7. Al Kaft Vol. 1 pg. 503.
8. Quran: Sura Maryam, Ayat 12 and 30.
9. Sura Maryam: 48-49.
10. Sura Qasas: 21-22.
11. Sura Nisa: 157.
12. Al Kafi Vol. 1 Pg.340; Ghaibat Nomani Pg. 180.
13. Al Kafi Vol. 1 Pg. 340. Ayan ush shia Vol. 2 Pg. 46.
14. Ghaibat al-Tusi Pg. 353
15. Ghaibat al-Tusi Pg. 357.
16. Ghaibat al-Tusi Pg. 362.
17. Ghaibat al-Tusi Pg. 356.
18. Ghaibat al-Tusi Pg.366.
19. Ghaibat al-Tusi Pg. 371-372.
20. Gaibat al-Tusi Pg. 369/372.
21. Ghaibat al-Tusi Pg. 387.
22. Ghaibat al-Tusi Pg. 394.
23. Ghaibat al-Tusi Pgs. 358, 366. 376, 396.
24. Kamaaluddin Vol.2 Pg.516; Ghaibat al-Tusi Pg.395.
25. Kamaaluddin vol. I Pg.302.
26. Yanabiul Mawaddah Pg. 35.
27. Tafsir Al Imam Pg. 300
Question:Mai ye puchra hun k sunni aashur k din roza rkhte ha mere ek dost maine un s baat k is baare m vo mujhse bole k quran s koe daleel sabit kro k aashur ka roza jaiz nae ha. Agr koe daleel ha is baare m to mai unko dkha doon. or vo log aisa q krte roza q rkhte hai.

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: Pahli baat unse poochiye ke Quran main kia 10 Moharram ke din Roza rakhne ka koi Hukm hai kia jo usse na sakhne ke liye Dalil pesh ki jaye.
Dosri baat eh cheez Quran se bilkul sabit hai ke Kisi Fasiq aur Fajir hukmraan ki pairvi karna aise hi hai jaise Allah ke dushman ki pairvi karna hai to phir kion Sunni Hazraat Muawia ki pairvi karte hain aur agar Muawia unke liye fasiq nahin tha To kia Yazid bhi fasiq nahin tha jisko Muawia ne apni zindagi main eh jante hue ke woh kaisa hai apna janasheen bana diya isko woh Quran se sabit kar den fir ham Aashur ko roza na rakhna Quran se sabit kar denge.
Zahir si baat hai jo kaam kisi ki tauheen ke liye kiya jaye usko dosron ke zariye follow karna shariat main jayez nahin hai. Aur 10 Moharram ko Umar Sa’ad ne Imam Husain (a.s) ke Qatl per shukr karne ke liye Roza rakha tha. Zahir hai Sunni brothers ko Imam Hisain (a.s) ki qadro manzilat ka andaza To hoga hi. Lehaza jo kam Nawasa e Rasool ke Qatl per jashn ke taur per anjam diya gaya ho usko kaise follow kar sakte hain.
Question:Am I allowed to put Sadaka from my loan money (which has interest)? Even if it is just 25 cents per week? If not would reading Quran be a type of Sadaka?

Ayatollah:Fadlallah

Answer: Your loan money is your own money if you are living in non Islamic country you take loan but it depends in which condition you have taken the loan
Ayatullah Sistani (may Allah protect him) says that: “: Taking an interest based loan is not permissible except for when it is very urgent; it is necessary that he should do so with the intention that it is a transaction without return, even if he knows that he will end up paying the capital as well as the interest. And he should not do so with the intention of getting the loan with the condition of paying interest.”
Yes Sadaqah can be given in the from of things also reciting Quran but if it is due upon you to give money as sadaqah then you have to pay cash.
Question:Hame kisine kaha hai ke jumme ke din kapde dhone se karza chadta hai aur normal dino mei kale kapde pehanne se ghar mei pareshani aur gurbat ati hai. Kya yeh do chize sahi hai. Bolne wale k mutabik yeh rasulAllah ke kaul hai per humne kabhi sunne nahi hai isliye aapse pucha.

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: Aisa hargiz nahin hai balke Jume ke din behtar hai Momin achche saf libas pahne aur khushbu lagaye. Dosri baat Imam Husain aur dosre Aimmah ki shahadat per kale kapde pahenne ke liye Ulema ne achcha bataya hai. Haan iske alawa aam dino main kale kapde pahen kar namaz padta makrooh hai magar kala kapda pahenne ki manahi nahin hai.
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