Sister Nazmina Dhanji
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Name: Sister Nazmina Dhanji
Age: 0
Location: London, United Kingdom
Expertize: Quran and Fiqh
Question:I have heard that while in periods a girl can only recite 7 verses of the Quran, and from somewhere else I heard that it doesn't matter about the 7 verses and we can recite as much as we want, but the reward is less. Does this mean that we should still recite Quran because we are still getting some reward, lesser than usual, but still at least getting the reward? Also if we plan to recite a long surah for 40 days, then can we go ahead and recite during the period week also or should we make up for those days later on?

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: Firstly, we are discouraged from touching the writing of the Qur'an when on our periods, and to be in wudhoo when we recite it, regardless of number of verses. You're right - reciting is better than not reciting at all and the reward is totally up to Allah, so yes, we should definitely continue reciting Qur'an, even for a'maal that are 40 days long, there is no problem in continuing whilst on your period, as long as you purify yourself before reciting.
Question:What is the ruling regarding grooming the eyebrows? To be more detailed, is there a difference between cleaning the surrounding areas and actually shaping the eyebrows?

Are the rulings same for men and women? In what circumstances would women need to cover even their eyebrows (if applicable)? Similarly, would there be in instance where men also need to cover (assuming they shape/trim)?

Why are the Sunni ahadith attributed to Abdullah ibn Mas'ud (in which he apparently quotes from the Prophet that plucking the eyebrows is Haram) considered weak by the 'ulema?

Ayatollah:Khamenei

Answer: Ayatullah Khamenei's ruling is as follows:

Q: If a woman shape her eyebrows by plucking, should she cover them according to shar‘.
A: If this is considered in the common view as adorning, she should cover it in front of a non-maḥram.

So there is a distinction between plucking them for the sake of looking clean and presentable, and for the sake of adornment and beautification. If it is the latter, or if plucking eyebrows whilst living in a certain community setting where it is not a norm and would draw unnecessary attention and attraction, then she would have to cover them.
The hadith you mention is considered weak with respect to eyebrows specifically because it is generalised along with tattooing and creating gaps between teeth for the purpose of beautification, both of which are permanent alterations to the creation of Allah. And this is the reason given in the hadith for why such a person would be cursed. The Ulema make an exception for the eyebrows because plucking them does not permanently change one's features and if that were the case, then the same ruling would apply to men.There may also be weakness in the chain of transmission resulting in why Shia scholars would deem it weak.
Question:My friend has a wound that won’t stop bleeding, even though she has cleaned it several times, and she is unable to make wudu’u to pray, she only has the option of putting a bandage, but then the water won’t reach the area and the wudu’u will be invalid. So what should she do in this case?

Ayatollah:Khamenei

Answer: If the wound cannot be exposed, either because it won't stop bleeding, or because it's dangerous to expose it to air or water, then it's fine for it to be bandaged. She should do wudhoo normally, and instead of washing that area, simply wipe over it, until it is possible to take off the bandage and do wudhoo properly. This is called Wudhoo Jabira, and her wudhoo and salaat will be fine.
Question:What is the belief of shias regarding quran. Somebody says allama majlisi and shia ulemas believes in tehreef of quran.

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: Shia scholars such as Allama Majlisi and others have included ahadith in their books that suggested that the Qur'an used to be a certain way, but then things were omitted from it, such as the mention of Imam Ali by name, or that there used to be more verses which were then not included, or that a certain verse is supposed to be read in a different way to what it is. However, most of these ahadith have not been found to be authentic, and they contradict other authentic ahadith from the Imams, and contradict the Qur'an itself which promises to be free of distortion and protected by Allah. So all Shi'a scholars unanimously agree, that in spite of such ahadith in our books, no such distortion or omission has occurred in the Qur'an, and there is no authentic evidence to suggest that it has. We believe that the Qur'an that is read by Muslims today is the same one that was revealed to Prophet Muhammad (saww), and there is no 'alternative' or 'better' Qur'an.
Question:I have this concern regarding the negativity in my in laws family. When we ask if there's a problem or any issue, the response is a no, however, their behaviour and communication indicates otherwise. I feel the wrong vibe. I don't know what to do as we live in different countries. Kindly help with a doaa or amal please.

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: I can understand your situation as communication often gets distorted when family live overseas and we have no access to what's really going on besides their word. However, whilst it is important to take their word for it, it is also advisable to reassure them that you are there for them in all circumstances and that you care about them. Small gestures like taking sadaqa for them, praying for them and checking in on them from time to time go a long way at building bonds of love and trust. Prophetic du'as from the qur'an for parens are especially effective: 46:15-16, 17:23, 14:41 and 71:28.
Question:I wanted to know if permanent make up is allowed; eyelash extension, eyebrows?

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: According to Ayatullah Sistani, any make up or adornment that enhances your attractiveness is not allowed. Eyebrows can be tidied and trimmed for the sake of looking presentable in a society where that is the norm, and it does not attract any attention, but not solely for beautification purposes. Permanent make up would fall under that category since you would not be able to 'take it off' in front of men or whilst being out and about, or restrict their use to ladies' gatherings only the way you can with regular make up.
Question:I wanted to know if while fasting one can apply lipstick as it is a work requirement to dress professionally.

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: There should be no problem with that as long as you can ensure it won't go into your mouth.
Question:It's been about a few months that I have been having brownish discharge 3 days prior to menstruation. Very light and very minimal, just a spotting, thereafter on the 3rd day or 4th day, I bleed normally until 7th day. It then decreases till 10th day. On the 11th or 12th I get yellowish discharge. I'm not sure if I should count the first 3 days as istehadhaa and the between days as Haidh and the last days as istehadhaa? or I should count all of it as haidh?
Also, when I have normal bleeding without the first 3 days of brownish spotting, my normal duration is 10 days, where on my 9th and 10th day I either get yellow discharge or whitish. Is the yellow discharge haidh or should I just do ghusl and perform my waajibats?

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: So bleeding is considered Hayz when it starts 'flowing' from you. In the situation you're describing, the first 3 days of spotting would be considered istihadha until it actually starts flowing and until it returns to normal clear discharge (until a maximum of 10 days). So the end couple of days are likely to still be haydh if there is no break between the bleeds, and the first few istihadha. If the total number of days is under 10, then you can consider them all as Haydh, especially if this is normal for you. But if it is a one-off, or there is a gap between bleeds, then the yellowish discharge would be istihadha.
Question:Kya aurto ka kabro par jana jaiz hai

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: I have not been able to find anything in Sayyid Sistani's Risala forbidding such a thing, and as far as I know it is allowed.
Question:I have a question about chapter 24 verses 2-3. it says that a fornicator is only allowed to marry a fornicator. I do not understand how this is reasonable or just because it is not easy to tell if a man ever committed fornication where as you can tell if a woman did so or not. Furthermore what if either of the two repented. Can you please explain to me the context of this verse?

Ayatollah:Fadlallah

Answer: This a verse whose interpretation many exegetes have debated over the centuries and have come up with different conclusions. Some interpret it as highlighting the grave nature of fornication by forbidding believers from marrying adulterers. Others interpret it to mean that adulterers would only want to marry each other or idolators, and would only be inclined that way, and that the only people who would marry them are other such rebellious people who would assent to their actions. Others interpret the word 'nikah' in the verse to refer to sexual intercourse and not marriage, meaning that there is no one-sidedness in adultery, i.e. if one of the two can be considered an adulterer than so can the other.
In any case, the actual conviction of adultery of fornication is a very difficult one to pin down, as four witnesses are required to testify that they visually saw the act happening, or by confession, so it becomes nearly impossible to convict. And in that context, once convicted they would be punished, so a community would be aware of convicted adulterers. Of course, if they sincerely repented, they would be pardoned.
You're right, in this day and age, there is no way of knowing who has actually fornicated in the past and who has not, unless they confess to it, or it has become a known fact. In Islam, if someone repents of a past sin to Allah, then there is no requirement to confess their sin to anybody else, and in fact we are encouraged to maintain our dignity and conceal our faults from others, so in light of that, the verse is not legally binding in that one 'must' or 'must not' marry only of that particular type of person.
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