I have the following question and would appreciate your answer.

1. Sometimes people chew and ingest the chapped lips on the skin. Is this makhroo or haram?

2. There are times we may scratch (a very minor scratch) a scooter, buy vegetables from the seller who may have inadvertently given us a piece of chilly or maybe a leaf of another vegetable or we may have done any action whereby we are confident that if we go inform the other person about this for reprimanding the losses, it may create confusion or even irritation that we are getting so pedantic about these small things and instead of enforcing justice we are unfortunately being irritating. Am I still going to be held accountable for these things on the Day of Judgement?

3. I understand that gifting your good deeds to others can multiply the reward you get. For example if I gift the 2 rakat prayer to my brother, then I get a greater reward than me just praying or if I gift it to the Imam (alayhis salam) then I get even greater reward. What if I make the intention of gifting my entire good deeds to the entire creation of God whom I can be allowed to gift and the entire creation of God whom I’m allowed to gift can be a creation of the past and the future apart from our universe or different dimensions of space and time. So that I can be rewarded the maximum possible?

4. Is it still wajib for me to maintain my parents by being present who are old and who themselves gave me permission to move out, even though I know that they may have few difficulties in my absence?

5A. There were times I have earned salaries in the past for which I did not give khums. I know the time period I received the salaries and can calculate the amount of khums I need to pay. But there are those times of which I do not know what and how much to pay. Please explain what I must do in this situation so that I can fulfill this obligation on me.
5B. I also, currently pay khums every months after calculating my expenses. As I earn and spend every month instead of an year. So I do not have an khums day for an year. I rather pay khums when I earn anything. Is this correct?

6. My father purchased a property many years ago without paying khums from that money from which he purchased the property. Now as he is old he intends to give us this property as per his will. Is the property illegitimate? How can we make this legitimate? Is the onus on the father or the ones who will get the property?

7. Are we allowed to read in the bathroom while urinating or defecating? In the past people used to take newspapers or magazines, now people take their phones to the bathroom and watch videos and even take calls. Is all of this ok?

8. I have a tiny Qur’an which I hang around my neck for protection. Am I obligated to read it because having multiple Qur’an in the home and not reading it is wrong. What must I do? Also, am I allowed to go to the washroom and do my business while it hangs around my neck?

9A. In Islam it is mustahab to stand during the day and sit during the night when drinking water. What about drinking milk or any other drink. Does the same rule apply?
9B. Also, when does the day start and when does the night start? Does the day start when the sun rises or when the fajar prayer start? Please make the day and night clear.

10. How can bodybuilding and God wayfaring converge? How can a person build muscles when we have to eat to get a good physique and God wayfaring encourages fasting. I am not referring to the bulk size the body builders have, I am just talking about normal good size athletic physique. Even playing football requires one to eat well. It seems like a pious person who is wants to grow spiritually have to sacrifice having a good physique. Am I getting this wrong?

11. Does the rules of reciting a prayer loudly or softly apply to it qaza as well. For example do we have to recite fajr, and the first 2 rakats of magrib and Isha loudly even in its qaza and softly for the zuhr and asr even in its qaza?

1- If the skin of the lips was about to fall and not ripe, then it’s pure. But if one pulls it out while still fresh, it’s najes and haram to swallow it.

2- If you know that the owner is ok with you keeping it, then you can keep it and no need to inform them, and Allah won’t hold you liable on the Day of Judgment.

3- Yes doing so will earn you a maximum amount of reward.

4- If they gave you permission and they are not hurt by you moving out, then it’s ok for you to move out, even if they’ll face some difficulties.

5A- In those situations do your best to estimate how much their Khums would have been. If you are undecided between two amounts, go by the lowest one.

5B- This is correct, but you still have the option of doing that once a year not every month. It’s up to you.

6- If your father paid Khums regularly, but it happened so that he did not pay the khums of this property then you must pay its Khums when you receive it as inheritance. But if he didn’t pay Khums (out of negligence or not believing in it) then you don’t have to pay Khums on it.

7- It’s permissible

8- You don’t have to read from it, though it’s recommended to do so. And you can go to the washroom with it as long as in your society it’s not seen as disrespectful to the Qur’an.

9A- Yes apparently it includes all liquids.

9B- The new Islamic day starts at Maghreb when the sun sets. Hence the lunar months start at night, not at Fajr or sunrise. Friday starts Thursday Maghreb.

10- If one’s bodybuilding is for the sake of Allah and a wise purpose, and it requires eating more then it’s fine (but even then the amount of eating should not be excessive). If it’s for worldly reasons then it’s Makrouh.

11- Yes it applies to Qadha as well