When discussing the supposed crucifixion of Nabi Isa (a), I’ve always heard the narrative that someone was made to resemble him and that person died on the cross, not Jesus. Recently I came across a video online that made me curious to see if this theory the person was stating was a valid Shia one … To summarize briefly there’s another theory that doesn’t involve the divine miracle of changing a disciples appearance and having them die on the cross in jesus’ stead, rather the Jews did put Jesus on the cross but he didn’t die as a result and he was still alive when they buried him. Basically saying the Jews made a mistake proclaiming him dead…If that is the case then why do the majority of scholars accept that specific narrative? From hadith or other verses in the Quran?

We accept the narrative that another person was made to look like Jesus because of our hadiths. Our hadiths that explain 4:157 state that another person was made to look like Jesus and the Jews captured that person, not Jesus. Also, 4:157 makes it clear they did not crucify him, so we don’t accept that he was even put on the cross, because putting someone on the cross is crucifying him. The verse says they did not crucify him nor did they kill him. So the verse itself rejects the theory that they captured him and put him on the cross but they mistakenly declared him dead.