Why do we whisper during dhur and asr salah?
Amswer: According to one of the tradition from the Imam Redha (a.s) he says that all prayers which we pray at night we should recite loudly inorder to those who dont know that the time of prayer has set in can join but during day time its very clear for every one. also according to one of the hadis where Holy Prophet (saww) says that when he went on Meraj he saw that in few prayers Angels were also following him and Allah (swt) because of importance of those has instructed to diffenciate those one by reciting few of them loudly and few silently. Also if all the reasons are not enought to understand one thing is very clear that we as a slave of Allah should follow His command whiout knowing the real reason of that particular act.
Does it matter if one recite surah ikhlas in 1st or 2nd rakat, for example the 2nd surah of 1st rakat is surah tawheed and second surah of second rakat is surah qadr or vice versa?
Answer: There is no matter if we recite either Sura Ikhlas in fisrt Rakat after Sura Hamd. According to reawayat it is mustahab to recite one sura Ikhlas at least once in each rakat and it is makrooh to leave reciting sura Ikhlas in our namaz.
Why do we have to recite salah in arabic?
Why do we raise our hands when we say “allahu akbar”?
Answer: We know well that any language if you translate it into another lanuguage we can not express the same maening and context what has said in original language. for eg in the zikr Ruku we say "Subhana Rabbi al Adhim e wa behamdehi" and in Zikr of Sajda we say "Subhana Rabbi al A'ala wa behamdehi" now what is the difference between "Adhim" and "A'ala" as in english we say Great and High but it is not exactly what it is meant in Arabic. also Itself Sura Hamd what context it has in Arabic no one can translate it into other language as it has said in Arabic. Therefore it is wajib to recite Namaz in Arabic.
Also Islam wants to maintain Unity amongst all Muslims and if every person comes and start reciting Namaz in his own language they will most surely do something less or more but if they recite it in Arabic they will maintain what Holy Prophet (sawt) has said and recited it exactly.
Why does the muazzin cover his ear with his hand when reciting adhan?
Answer: Its just to raise hos voice up to loud and nothing. also he can listten his own voice and can check as it is good or not. Also raising ones hand up is a sign that he is calling people and aslo showing that what he is saying is having a graet meaning.
Why do people point “finger” when reciting a ziyarah after salah while others put their palm on their chest?
Answer: According to reawayat of 6 th Imam if a person can not go for Ziyarat of Imam Husain to his grave he can go on top of his house or in a open area under the sky and pointing his index finger towards the Karbala and recites the Ziyarat of Imam Husain (a.s). Therefore its just a sign and nothing elso and its not a wajib act we can put our hand on our chest to show our respect to that holy Imam.
Is it true you are not supposed to have sleeves longer then your wrists and pants longer then your ankles? Or is that only for salafies?
Answer : Long clothes are sign of Proud so it is makrooh to wear long clothes as for as namaz concers it is recommended that as much as possible we should show our smallness and nothingness and poorness in the manifestation of Allah. it is Mustahab to wear pants up our ankles and sleeves to.
Is blowing on hot food makrooh? And why?
Answer: Its a matter of Heigene ( Cleanliness) as our mouth has many kinds of bacteria and as long as they are inside they are suitable to our health but they spraed out and come in contact to the air can cause disease.
Why do you sheiks do sujood on two thurbahs like one on top of another?
Answer: We are not allaowed to do sajdah on our turbon as it is clothe and donong sajdah on clothe is not permissible.
Turbans of sheik color does it matter, i know black is for sayyeds and white for regular sheiks but can a sheik wear a pink blue or red or green or any other color turban?
Answer: Yes now it is considered as a sign that black turban is for Saiyyeda and White for non Saiyyed but it has no Islamic authenticity. White color is Mustahab during namaz and rest colors are dependes upon the societies tradition. If its not odd and against the culture then one can wear any color. there is no specific rules regarding color.
How does one choose his merja?
Answer: 1- Hearing direct from the Mujtahid
2- Judgement quoted by tow reliable person
3- From Satisfactory sources eg organization or groups.
4- From the book presented by the Mujtahid.