1) The Bani Israeel were chosen in the sense that Allah sent so many prophets to them. He honored with with many prophets and scriptures. This is what it means for them to be chosen, not that they are better than other people or ethnic groups. Now when Allah sends you many prophets, your responsibility is greater. Unfortunately most of them disobeyed their prophets and so Allah condemned them and cursed them.
2) The Jewish law was not meant to stay forever. Prophet Musa (a) had foretold about Isa (a). If the Old Testament claims that those laws were meant to stay forever, then that is a distortion of the actual Torah.