In Islam there is a concept of malaakah or disposition of a human being which is came into existence by repetition, is Malakah/Khulq is the same as the subconscious mind? Because you can also program your subconscious mind by repetition and they both are containing of personality, behavior etc

The Malaka is not the same as the subconscious mind, though they are related. The subconscious mind is where many types of memories are stored, and often times we make decisions based on what’s stored in our subconscious mind. So the subconscious is a type of storage. The Malaka or disposition is an aspect of the Nafs. It is the ability to mold the Nafs and control it. It is the ability to be dictate to the Nafs what to do and restrain it.