My question today is about Amr Bayn ul-Amrayn. I find this idea very hard to grasp, specifically in relation to tafweed.

Our hadiths are clear that Allah Azza wa Jal does not compel any of us to sin, but we also have hadiths which state that no one can act or refrain from acting without the will of Allah Azza wa Jal and that we sin by the power of Allah Azza wa Jal.
So how can Allah Azza wa Jal not cause me to sin, when the hadiths themselves say that I cannot do so without Allah Azza wa Jal willing for it. At first I rationalized by saying "Well one can will without necessarily wanting xyz to happen." but then I found a hadith that says that Allah Azza wa Jal doesn't rule over which He doesn't attend (and He rules everything, therefore intends everything).

So how can we have free will, but Allah Azza wa Jal will for everything we do. He doesn't compel us to sin, yet He wills for me to sin? It doesn't really make sense sayed.

But then there's also the question of how Allah Azza wa Jal tests us without He Himself compelling to sin. As this hadith (, Allah Azza wa Jal says "We try you by evil & by good by way of probation."

Then we also have lots of hadiths which state how suffering here will give us rewards in the Hereafter. But then can't we ask, "Well doesn't Allah Azza wa Jal will this bad to happen?" The Qur'an is clear that whatever bad befalls us from due to our own actions, but can we say that a suffering child in Yemen or Palestine or Turkestan caused his suffering? Or (astaghfirullah) that Imam al-Hussayn AS caused his family to be murdered and killed? But we obviously can't necessarily say "Allah Azza wa Jal willed this child to be murdered.", that's against divine justice. But these hadiths make it seem that we CAN'T say "Allah Azza wa Jal DIDN'T will this child to be murdered."

I would extremely appreciate if you could clear these issues up for me.

1) God does not compel us to sin. We choose to sin. But he allowed us to sin by giving us free will. So what is meant by God willing for it means he has willed to give you the means to sin, not that he compelled you to sin. Allah willed for you to have free will and choose to sin or not. So when you sin, you don’t overpower God. You don’t do so without His permission. He allowed you to do it (to try you). That’s how we can understand this concept in simple terms.

2- When a child is killed unjustly, God condemns it and those who killed the child, but God allowed it because:

-He is trying people and he will hold them accountable
-He will compensate the child and take him to heaven

So there is wisdom in allowing it.

3- Imam Hussain (a) did not cause his family to suffer. The enemies caused it. Yes, Imam Hussain (a) allowed for it by taking them with him because it’s a sacrifice he had to make. There was wisdom in doing so.