Maulana Mohammad Habeeb
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Name: Maulana Mohammad Habeeb
Age: NIL
Location: Doha, Qatar
Expertize: Quran and Fiqh
Question:I have a question regarding salah for women who are in labor about to give birth or just have gone into labor

If they cant leave the bed to do wudu or bend far enough to reach their feet to do proper wudu, is it permissible for some one to helpb i.e wipe the feet for her or what would be the best practice in this situation

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: Yes, some one can take the water from her hands and wipe her feet.
Question:1) I made for example 50k profit and paid khums on this money. I took this 50k and I put downpayment on a house and bought some furniture and some necessaries. The next year I sell the house for 100k but I buy another home Instead with that 100k there is no khums on this added 50k correct? I bought the 2nd house before my next khums date

2) If I had 50k and I khums this money then I spend it then I start to save up to by a home and I reach this 50k agian but with the intention of buying a home with these funds doesn't count agianst replenishment

3) would I saved 50k I paid khums on this 50k but then spent all the money throughout the year but by the end of khums year I managed to save back up to 50k once agian, do I pay khums on these or is there now a threshold of 50k no no matter how many times I spend and then save back up to 50k there won't be khums?

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: 1) After paying the Khoms of the 50k, the remaining is 40k, not 50k. However, as you said, you do not need to pay the khoms of the 60k.

2) If you paid the khoms of 50k (10k), then the net amount you have is 40k, not 50k. Regardless your intention, If you spent this amount the next year, you can replenish it from the earnings of that year. If you again spent the amount in something other than buying the home, then, it is gone.

3) Recycling is exempted once only. Hence, if you spent the recycled amount, then you can not replenish it again.
Question:Is a business purchase or investment of any considerd a regular expense (for khums purposes)?

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: No, It is not regular expense. If you are willing to use an amount in an investment, like if you want to start business, or buy an apartment for rental, not for residence, then you need to pay the khoms of the capital before starting the business or the investment, as this is not regular expense, such as food, rent, etc.
Question:1) Khums payable if I have a debit myself like a loan

2) Khums payable if I have lent someone some money I dont have that money when my khums day comes do I still have to pay khums on it

3) If I take a loan ( has interest) to buy a business, do I have to pay khums on this loan either when I first take or when I have paid it back ?

I already have a pay check so this would be trying to make more money then what I already make because my bills have increased due to getting married and purchasing a home

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: 1) You can pay the loan before year end. If you did not, then, you need to pay the khoms, except if the debt was for something you need, and you still use it, like if you purchased a car for 20k, on installments basis, and by the end of the year you had 5k in hand, while your loan debt is 10k. In this case, you do not need to pay the khoms of the 5k.

2) You can wait till you get it back, and pay the khoms immediately.

3) You have to pay the khoms of each installment, before paying it.
Question:Is Eid ul Adha qurbani a wajib act? And I must do it if I have the financial power to pay someone to do it in my home land?

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: No. It is not wajib.
Question:I would like to know what caused Lady Zainab’s death. After the incident of Karbala she surely suffered a lot, so was her death due to illness or anything else?

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: It was normal death.
Question:In shia Islam according to Majority of Marajah the Friday prayer should be performed with a Wajib Takhyiri Niyat. Can you please send me any discussion or a book that discuss this ruling based on Quran and Hadees or from sayings of Masoomeen. One of my sunni brother requested this to understand this. It would be really appreciated, if you could send me any link to the books in Urdu or English ot any research paper that discusses this topic.

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: S. Jafar Murtadha A'amilli has a research about the subject, but it is in Arabic. I don't have a research or a book in English or Urdu on the subject, but I can give a brief on it, and I hope it's enough to explain it.
Duties are divided into two parts:
1- A duty that has to be done: it is what you must do, such as daily prayer, fasting the month of Ramadan for the healthy person other than the traveller, and the hajj for the man who is able to do it.
2- A duty to choose: in which the person in charge is can choose between two or more acts, and it is mentioned in the Qur'an in more than one resource, such as:
a- Fasting for those who can fast with difficulty: They can choose between fasting and paying the ransom of iftar.
b- Atonement of the deliberate iftar in the month of Ramadan, where the person can choose either fasting two consecutive months, feeding sixty poor people, or freeing a slave.
c- Atonement for the violation of the oath, it is a choice between freeing a neck or feeding ten poor people.
There are similar duties mentioned in the hadiths, such as the choice in the third and fourth rak'ahs between the reading of Surat al-Hamad and the four revelations.
Like this, the fuqaha'a in the time of absence of Imam reached to a conclusion that the person has the choice on Friday between Friday prayer and noon prayer, because we know that one of them is required for sure.
Question:There is a new Fatwa approved Halal lottery in my country of residence, the fatwa is from the government approved authority that are not from Shia community.

The concept of the lottery is that they are selling postcards for a certain price, one can purchase the 8 post cards with 8 number of his own choice, then at the end of the week the organizers announce 8 numbers, you have to match your numbers to the number organizers release and based on the numbers matched one can win cash prize, depending on how money numbers of the person match.

I wanted to know if this kind of a lottery will be considered halal in Shia mazhab as well?

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: No. This is not accepted.
Question:Regarding the prayers of a traveller:

1. If someone was born in a city, say Najaf, and they migrate to the UK permanently after marriage. However their parents still live in Najaf and they go back to visit occasionally around once a year or once in two years. Do they have to pray full when they go back to visit even if they visit for less than 10 days?

2. In this same situation, if they visit for less than 10 days, would they need to fast if it is Ramadhan?

3. If someone goes on holiday to a big city for more than 10 days, and say you intend to go out for sight seeing, if you intend travel more than 44km from your place of residence (hotel) within the city but do not leave the boundary of the city, does this count as you breaking the 10 day rule?

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: 1- If he/ she still keep the intention that Najaf is his/ her home, then he/ she have to pray full, while, if he/ she -after migration- ignored Najaf as home city, and made the intention that he/ she will never go back to live in Najaf , then the prayer is qasr, if he/ she will not stay 10 days.
2- It depends on the intention as in number 1.
3- If you're referring to the big city, the sprawling supercity, like London, New York and Tehran, then yes.
Question:1. When wiping the head one is required to reach the root hair if he were to comb it it will fall on his face. My hair reaches just above eyebrows would I be required to wipe on my root hairs?

2. Also when the time to wipe comes can I use my left hand to pull my hair one direction then wipe? (this will allow me to see my roots hairs)

3. When I was my face a bit of my hair gets wet and when I wipe my head I end up wiping the wet part as well is this ok and if not can I wipe on the side of my head (where the line is)

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: 1- No. In your case, it is enough to wipe the hair on the first quarter of your head.
2- If this does not make the wiping area wet, then it is OK.
3- No. It is not OK. You need to either dry the wiping area before wiping, or not reach the wet area while wiping.