Maulana Syed Ali Zafar Zaidi
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Name: Maulana Syed Ali Zafar Zaidi
Age: NIL
Location: Mwanza, Tanzania
Expertize: Islamic Philosophy, Aqaid, Fiqh, Quranic Sciences, International politics
Question:Ek bewa maa ka haq sharyat me kya he. Aulad ko kya karna chaye.

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: Jahan tak parents ke Huqooq ki baat hai Islam main wajib hai ke Aulad apne waledain ki kifalat karen. Aur Waledain ke Huqooq ka andaza is baat se lagaya ja sakta hai ke unko apne bachche ke paison main se kharj karne ke liye ijazat lene ki bhi zaroorat nahin hai.
Aulad ke uper Maan aur Baap ki kifalat zaroori hai chahe waledain ke pass kitna paisa hi kion na ho. Eh aur baat hai ke waledain apni Aulad se kuch na len magar unka poora haqq hai.
Quran aur Hadis ki raushni maine waledain ki khidmat per bahot ziyada taqeed ki gayee hain. Kisi bhi situation main Aulad waledain ko naraz nahin kar sakta aur har soorat main Aulad ko waledain ki baat manni hai sewaye kisi Haram kaam ke.
Jahan tak Maan ki baat hai to Maan se barh kar is Duniya main koi dosri shakhsiat Allah be banayee hi nahin hai. Nabi aur Imam ke alwa agar kisi to ita’at wajib hai to woh Maan aur Baap hi hain.
Maan agar bewa to uska jo sharyee haqq uske Shauhar ki property main chahye woh Cash money ho ya property ho zaroori hai. Aulad apne walid ke inteqal ke baad unki Poori property ko nahin le sakta balke Quran main Sura Nisa ki Ayat 12 main clear likha hai agar Husband ka inteqal ho jaye aur uske bachche na hon to 1/4 property uski wife ko milegi aur agar bachche hon to 1/8


وَلَكُمْ نِصْفُ مَا تَرَكَ أَزْوَاجُكُمْ إِن لَّمْ يَكُن لَّهُنَّ وَلَدٌ فَإِن كَانَ لَهُنَّ وَلَدٌ فَلَكُمُ الرُّبُعُ مِمَّا تَرَكْنَ مِن بَعْدِ وَصِيَّةٍ يُوصِينَ بِهَا أَوْ دَيْنٍ وَلَهُنَّ الرُّبُعُ مِمَّا تَرَكْتُمْ إِن لَّمْ يَكُن لَّكُمْ وَلَدٌ فَإِن كَانَ لَكُمْ وَلَدٌ فَلَهُنَّ الثُّمُنُ مِمَّا تَرَكْتُم مِّن بَعْدِ وَصِيَّةٍ تُوصُونَ بِهَا أَوْ دَيْنٍ وَإِن كَانَ رَجُلٌ يُورَثُ كَلَالَةً أَوِ امْرَأَةٌ وَلَهُ أَخٌ أَوْ أُخْتٌ فَلِكُلِّ وَاحِدٍ مِّنْهُمَا السُّدُسُ فَإِن كَانُوا أَكْثَرَ مِن ذَٰلِكَ فَهُمْ شُرَكَاءُ فِي الثُّلُثِ مِن بَعْدِ وَصِيَّةٍ يُوصَىٰ بِهَا أَوْ دَيْنٍ غَيْرَ مُضَارٍّ وَصِيَّةً مِّنَ اللَّهِ وَاللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ حَلِيمٌ

And you shall have half of what your wives leave if they have no child, but if they have a child, then you shall have a fourth of what they leave after (payment of) any bequest they may have bequeathed or a debt; and they shall have the fourth of what you leave if you have no child, but if you have a child then they shall have the eighth of what you leave after (payment of) a bequest you may have bequeathed or a debt; and if a man or a woman leaves property to be inherited by neither parents nor offspring, and he (or she) has a brother or a sister, then each of them two shall have the sixth, but if they are more than that, they shall be sharers in the third after (payment of) any bequest that may have been bequeathed or a debt that does not harm (others); this is an ordinance from Allah: and Allah is Knowing, Forbearing.(Sura Nisa: 12)

Lehaza bewa Maan ka sharyee haq banta hai uske shauhar ki property main aur eske alawa Aulad ke uper apni Maan ki Kifalat wajib hai. Aulad ke uper farz hai ke woh apni Maan ka poora kharj Bardasht kare. Ismain kisi aitbaar se na to koi shak hai aur na tardeed.
Question:What is white magic and what is black magic? If can you explain please

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: No doubt there is black magic even Surah Falaq says it

وَمِن شَرِّ النَّفَّاثَاتِ فِي الْعُقَدِ

And from the evil of those who blow on knots

So black magic is a magic or witchcraft which people do to harm others and there is white magic which doesn’t harm anyone but used to entertain people.
But in Islam both types of magic, both it’s learning and teaching to others is haram and the one who does it is a cursed person and will see severe punishment by Allah (swt) therefore there are many ways shown in Hadith that if anyone feels he would be trapped in black magic should recite Surah Falaq and Sura Nas and Ayatal Kursi whenever one wants to come out from his house. Give Sadaqah every day and ask Refuge from Allah (swt) from such evil things.

Please don’t be misguided by professionals who’s job is to mislead innocent people on the name of Taveez etc. They just misuse people’s weaknesses specially women. Just rely on God in each and every affairs of your day to day life and have Wasila of Ahlulbait (a.s).
Question:My nani’s family is ismaeli
We avoid eating their food but sometimes we failed and they forced us to eat what my anty cooked. She believes on Allah swt and Rassoul e Khuda and Imam Ali (as). Sometimes she does namaz and fast

Is it okay to eat her food when we have no choice?

She is considered as Muslim right?

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: If she believes in 3 basics and Fundaments of Islam i.e. Oneness of Allah, all Prophets sent by Allah and Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is the last Prophet of Allah and The Day of Judgment (Qiyamat) then she will be considered as Muslim and Tahir
Question:I completed to pray namaz magrib and isha and then I noticed there was a book with a picture in the direction. I did not do it intentionaly

Is my namaz valid?

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: Your namaz is valid. Only it is Makrooh to offer namaz in front of any living animal’s picture. Doesn’t matter it is in front of you or back of you or it’s left or right of you.
Question:I bought already a product then I just learnt that we can not buy product that support israel. So now I still can eat this because I did not know? If I throw it will be asraf

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: There is no permission as to dealing with Israeli products and products of companies which are known to be supporting Israel in an effective way.
Question:If I live in a country such as Singapore, Thailand and Malayisa where its impossible to avoid najassat from hindou and chinese people what to do? Do we have to apply the rule like in China and India?
Because most of the population are chinese

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: Yes if you are 100% sure about the Najasat of a place you must avoid if you are sure about food that it is cooked by non Muslim( chines or Hindus). You must not eat nor should you buy 'halal animal’s meat' from departmental stores unless you are sure that it is slaughtered according to Islamic Shariya. But I think Malaysia must be different from Singapur and Hong Kong.
Question:Mene raat ko niyat kari thi ke me roza rakhungi our me sehri me uth nhi pae our meri fajar bhi qaza ho gai. Kiya me ab roza rakh sakti hu jabke zohar ki azan ho juki hai

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: Agar aapne kuch khaya pita nahin hai to roza rakh sakti hain.
Question:How are Issued Ejaza's Audited/ checked and Cross checked.
What if they collect more than stipulated amount in Ejaza ?
What if they give donors receipts and don't disclose to Marjaa and in their balance sheet.
What if they open Trust account and do commercial transactions as and when they require funds for their personal business?
What if they increase Salaries / Rent / Office expenditure/ Electricity and water and use for their personal benefit.
Does this system of collecting Khums based on Ejaza have any checks and balances?
or should we just pay and rest leave it to our Imam

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: For sure giving Khums money to a reliable and authentic representative or to owner of ijaza is important same as it is obligatory to release the Khums money from our net savings.
As for as it’s correct and legal use is concern, yes a person is not allowed to use it for his/her personal needs unless he/she has permission from the office of the Marja.
Now if any institution has Ijaza of Sahme Imam (any percentage ) then the amount it is taking from the Muqallid has to divided fairly and rest of the amount should be given to the office of that marja. But in some cases few institution, they get Ijaza of a specific figure e.g. they have permission that in one year they can take let’s say 1 million INR, now if their collection goes more than 1 million, rest they have to sent to their marja otherwise if they have received 5 lakhs they can use all.
Iff they have for example a school, of course they have to use the received amount for rent, electricity bill and many more bills including salaries of their staff. There is no issue in that but same time all has to be very clear and accessible for every donor and even for normal Mo’menins. Also authorities of that institution are not allowed to use single penny for their personal need.
In short it is very important for a Muqallid that he has to know where he is giving the Khums money really do they have Ijaza from his Marja and what is the mode of Ijaza they I mean their purpose and percentages and do they really working on ground or just they have opened the offices and working on paper only. There are many institutions they truly working for community but sometimes unfortunately there some who just making it a their business.
Question:I usually buy a small token of Gold Jewellery for my daughter or wife once in a year. My wife also has Gold Jewellery which came during the wedding time. Do I have to remove Zakat on the Gold Ornaments which I have ?

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: Zakat on Gold and silver becomes obligatory only when they are made into coins, and are in currency for transactions. Zakat should, however be paid on them even if their stamp has been effaced.

https://www.sistani.org/english/book/48/2283/
Question:Can I give food money to a one needy family of qaza fast (Soam) of my late father. Is it allowed by aytullah sistani?

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: Yes you can give it a needy person who is Shia itna Asheri and not commiting gunah openly.
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