Maulana Syed Ali Zafar Zaidi
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Name: Maulana Syed Ali Zafar Zaidi
Age: NIL
Location: Mwanza, Tanzania
Expertize: Islamic Philosophy, Aqaid, Fiqh, Quranic Sciences, International politics
Question:Please suggest me that what should be best routine or timings for sleeping considering prayers and salat ul layl? Like what time person should sleep and wake up? And how many hours person should sleep to get enough sleep too? And then do other works as Ramzan is also near?

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: If we talk according to Morden medical science normally an adult should sleep not less than 6 hours. That’s not against Islamic shariya too. But in Islam it has been condemned if a person sleeps too much. Also we should have at least 3 hours gap between our dinner and going to the bed. It has been highly recommended in Islam that we wake early in the morning and it has been advised against for a person to sleep while sun is rising. All these have been scientific approved too. So if we want to get up early we have to go to the bed early if possible. Sleeping plays very important role in our health. Like mid day nap has also many benefits even if it’s just for 15-20 minute after taking our lunch.
There are so many thing have described in this regards.
Question:What is the meaning of taslim here:

'The Night Prayer consists of eight units of prayer; each two alone. Taslim should be said at the end of each two units with the intention of offering the Night Prayer.'

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: Taslim means giving Salam at the end of each two units. As you know that all Mustahab prayers are of TWO Rak’at (units) only therefore after every 2nd Rak’at one should say both Tashahhud and Salam then stand up for Next salat and he/she not allowed to connect each of them. So it’s simple after second Rak’at we should say Tashahhud and Salam and finish our namaz of two units then stand for next salat.
Question:I am reading the English translation of the Quran and a verse troubles me as I am unsure of its meaning. By the Will of Allah, could you explain verse 26, where Allah uses the example of a gnat?

“God does not shy away from making an example of a gnat, or something above it. As for those who believe, they know that it is the Truth from their Lord. But as for those who disbelieve, they say, "What did God intend by this example?" He leads astray many thereby, and He guides many thereby; but He misleads thereby only the evildoers.”

Ayatollah:N/A

Answer: The purpose of a parable is to make the meaning of an abstract idea more clear and explicit with the help of a material thing in order to assist the mind in catching the idea through consideration. The more man's wisdom is dependent on his base understanding, the less vigorous strength he has to conceive the spirit and reality of things when his imagination interferes.
That is why that in the Divine Book and in the words of the wise and men of letters, the essence of meanings are stated in the form of parables to make complicated concepts plain, hence through a logical thing find a way to the philosophical.

A 'gnat' is a small insect which is perceptible by the naked eye. Gnat is mentioned in this verse, perhaps, to show that striking a similitude between small things or beyond it is not inappropriate for the Glorious Dignity of the Essence of Allah, but to confirm that the proportion of His Sovereignty is the same over big or small, high or low and, in general, all are encompassed by His Power and are benefited by His endless Mercy and Grace.

Furthermore, if we observe carefully, we will see that all the creatures, whether complex or simple, like a chain, are linked to one another. They are so interrelated and perform their duties with such surprising harmony and regularity that it is as if they have formed a single unit to take part in a general service.

The term 'gnat', in this verse, may refer to the greatness and fairness that is used in the creation of a gnat, this very small creature.

Concerning this meaning, there is a tradition from Imam al-Sadiq (as) who said:

"Verily, Allah (s.w.t.) has set forth a parable of a gnat because He has created 'gnat', with that small size it has, consisting of all that He has created in {an elephant' with that bigness it possesses, and He has added two other limbs (for gnat) in order to stimulate (the attention of) the believers to notice the delicacy and frailness of His creation and His wonderful production. " 10

In another occurrence in the Qur'an, He (s.w.t.) has said:

"Do they not look at camels, how they are created?" (Surah Al-Qashiyah. No. 88. verse 17).
Upon the importance of the intriguing creation of living creatures, Amir-ul-Mu'mineen Ali (as) in one of his sermons has said: "...How could it be? Even if all the animals of the earth whether birds or beasts, stabled cattle or pasturing ones, of different origins and species, dull people and sagacious men –all jointly try to create (even) 'a gnat' they are not able to bring it into being and do not understand what is the way to its creation.

Their wits are bewildered and wandering. Their powers fall short and fail, and they return disappointed and tired, knowing that they are defeated and admitting their inability to produce it, also realizing that they are too weak (even) to destroy it..." 11

The verse continues saying:

“...As for those who have Faith, they know that it is the truth from their Lord..."
Those who have believed in Islam and accepted the Word of Allah know that these miraculous statements are issued from the Origin of revelation. They know quite well that these parables are vivid and appropriate and are revealed from their Lord.

They conceive the fact in this way because their hearts are empty of envy, grudges and pride and their souls are the site of the light of illumination and knowledge.

"...And for those who reject Faith, they ask: ‘What does Allah mean by this parable?'..."
Those who have disbelieved and covered the light of Faith with the curtain of infidelity have ultimately blinded their own insight. They have made their ears, which were able to hearken to the Divine Words, deaf. They, ignorantly or mockingly, inquire that what was Allah's aim by giving this for a similitude that He causes many to err by it and many He leads aright.

In Tafsir-ut- Tibyan, vol. 1, page 19, Shaykh Tusi says: " It is like that a speaker asks what Allah means by this parable that thereby some may be led astray and some be guided. In answer to this question, Allah says that none will be led astray save the transgressors; but the way is open to the believers to reach the climax of understanding and conception with knowledge and true Faith."
Question:I work for 14 days at my work location and remain at home for 14 days and there is a transit period of 2 days at Mumbai City far away from my hometown for job purpose. My work location is 80km away from Mumbai where I stay for 2 days before going to my work location. Should I offer Qasar namaz in Mumbai?


Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: Doesn’t matter it’s your part of job but your main Destination is the place where you work for 14 days not Mumbai.
According to Ayatullah Sistani

Who is a Kasir al-Safar (frequent traveler)?
Answer: One who travels for ten days in a month and sixty days in six months, he is considered a frequent traveler. Therefore, he should offer complete prayers and observe fast.

This will be applied for your work place not for Mumbai.
Question:Agar hum roze se ho aur haiz ajae toh hamara roza continue kar sakte hai?
Kya hamara usdin roza likha likha jaega ya kaza rakhna padega?

Aisa koi fatwa hai k agar haiz subha k 10-11 ka baad aye toh roz continue karna chahiye?


Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: Agar roza iftar main 5 minutes bhi bache hon aur hayz aa jaye to us ka roza baad main qaza karna parhega. Aur aisa koi fatwa nahin hai ke 10-11 am ke baad is din ka roza shumar kiya jayega.
Question:Can I read a dua like dua tawasul or kumayl without having wadhu?

And can I read a dua and quran in english? Do I get the same sawab ?

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: Yes you can recite Du’a and Holy Quran without wudhu but make sure not to touch the letters of Quran and as an obligatory precaution the names of 14 Masoomins (a.s) too.
Yes you can read Dua and Quran in any language but if it’s transliteration and not translation dont touch it too without Wudhu.
Question:When making a mistake in a wajib prayer, and having to repeat it (action may have invalidated prayer), does my niyyah have to be wajib qurbatan. Or just “Qurbatan IlAllah”? (For the repeated prayer)

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: In all cases there is no need to repeat the namaz rather you can correct it. But if anyone wants to repeat his/her namaz once again then Niyyat will be wajib Qurbatan ilallah .
Also please check this link for the detailed rules regarding repeating or correction once salat.
http://www.islamic-laws.com/salatdoubts.htm
Question:I want to finish quran this ramzan. I've finished quran once before. So is it necessary to read quran in arabic only? Or can I just read translation in my native language?


Ayatollah:Khamenei

Answer: We can read Quran in any language there is no such restriction from Shariat but the important thing is here that we have to ponder in Quran and inshallah try to implement its teachings in our day to day life.
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