Maulana Syed Ameer Ali Rizvi
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Name: Maulana Syed Ameer Ali Rizvi
Age: NIL
Location: Lucknow, India
Expertize: Islamic Philosophy, Mysticism and Theology
Question:Could you provide links to resources which discuss the concept of temporary marraige in comprehensive detail.


Ayatollah:Khoei

Answer: https://www.al-islam.org/shiite-encyclopedia/temporary-marriage-islam-part-1
Question:Facing very serious problem but not finding a solution. My anger is the only hurdle between me and my Allah. Whenever I feel anger I feel like I'm away from Allah. I want to feel him all the time. I try to stay cool but at working place whenever people do wrong or try their tactics to lower my position my anger comes out. How I can control my anger?

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: First of all you should change your position and body posture whenever you get angry that means just sit down if you are standing, or lie down if you are sitting etc. Drink a little amount of water, try to contemplate the consequences of the anger and think about future that what will be happen after a few minutes if I get angry now. Also recite the following supplication as much as possible especially after prayers to get power from Allah to control your wrath. اللهم صل علی محمدٍ و آل محمدٍ. اللهم اغفِر ذَنبِی وَ اذهِب غَیظَ قَلبِی وَ اَجِرنِی مِنَ الشَّیطانِ الرَّجِیم و لا حَولَ و لا قُوَةَ اِلّا بِالله العلی العَظِیم.
Question:Ibrahim ashtar had joined hands with zubayris. Why did he give his bayat (allegiance)?


Ayatollah:N/A

Answer:
According to history, after martyrdom of Mukhtar e saqafi, Ibrahim recieved two different letters from mus'ab bin zubair (The Ruler of Iraq) and Abdul malik bin marwan (The Ruler of Sham). He was offered from both side to join them and promised to get the ruling over a specific region. Ibrahim took the suggestion of his nearest and reliable persons. Their opinions were differing from each other. Some were suggesting to join Mus'ab and the others were suggesting to join Abdul Malik. Finally Ibrahin took decision by his own mind and heart. Actually he was much more inclined with Iraq because Hhe had grown up there and wanted to rule over there. Apart from it he had fought with Sham Army in a very important war named in history "War of the Khariz river" he defeated the Sham Army in commander ship of Ubaildullah ibn Ziyad and finally got victory over them in that significant war so he had killed a lot of sham soldiers therefore they had a grudge against him and they may harm him in the future so ultimately in that situation he decided to go with the sons of zubair because he had to join at least one of them to protect himself, his friends and family and there was no option to be neutral for a personality like him in that situation after fighting with enemies in many wars specially with Mukhtar and having a position of the Governer of Musal (Iraq).
Question:I'm currently reading surah Alankabut and was wondering why the word spider (ankabout) is only mentioned in ayah 41 -why only in one ayah and why its' number is 41? Besides that a persons' faith without Allah in mind can be as weak as a spiders' home, what is the meaning behind comparing those that do not worship Allah with a spider and its' home? I guess this is discussed in ayah 41.

Also what is the connections between the ankabut (a spider) and all people mentioned in the surah? We read about both good people and bad people such as Farao, Haman, Kharoun, which are mentioned in one ayah. The surah mention the people of the prophet Abraham and exemplifies how Loot chooses to worship Allah and what happened to his people of that town/place. We also read about two brothers which I forgot the name of.

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: This is really great to know that you are contemplating about the verses of Holy Quran as Quran emphasizes itself.

Now I come to your question because it has a few questions in it. First of all, I should say that we don't know the exact reason of mentioning the word "Spider" only in one verse of the Surah and same is the reason for mentioning it in verse number 41. We can mention probable answers here but those will not be the accurate and exact answers therefore we should leave it on Allah, He knows that exact reason. But let me mention here one point that the Quran is not a book of History, zoology, biology, physics, chemistry etc. Rather it's a book of guidance so it uses all these things as much as needed for human guidance. So Quran mentions many things as an example only from the viewpoint of guidance. Another thing is that the verses of Quran are "tauqeefi" meaning the verses were put in the suras as per order of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) to his companions according to the guidance of Gabriel. This is the view of almost Muslim Scholars and Quranic researchers. So the question that why it is mentioned only in verse number 41 not in 40 or 42, It may go to the order of Holy Prophet (PBUH).
Now the second Question is about the reason behind comparison of the faith of a non-believer to the web of spider. In fact Allah (SWT) has given this example about the faith of non-believers and polythiests of Mecca because they were worshipping idols so Allah says that these idols worshipped by you are so weak just like the web of a spider because it can do nothing for you and you are treating them as your guardians and sheltering in this type of home although you should know that the weakest home is the web of a spider.
The names of suras are also "Tauqeefi" means decided and selected by Holy Prophet (PBUH) and the logic in the naming was sometimes mentioning those word in the surah or a story about that thing like "Baqarah" means cow which is taken from the story of a Cow in "Bani Israel". So it may be discussed many things or persons in a surah but the name is given on an important word used in the surah or a story mentioned in that or according to the central idea of that Surah.
I hope that I could get your questions correctly and give the answers accordingly. May Allah give you more taufeeq to recite the Holy Quran and think about its verses.
Question:I believe that each one of the surahs in the Quran focuses more on a specific topic, otherwise it might be repetitive to read the same thing over in every surah. But sometimes it feels like many surahs are mentioning very similar things or bringing up similar stories. If not thinking about a surah as a whole, then it might be difficult to understand what the surah emphasizes.

Am I misinterpreting?

Some surahs are easy to follow and understand the story, for instance surah Yusuf. It is easy to follow because it is written in a chronological order. But for some other ayahs, it is not as obvious as in surah Yusuf. Hence, I had such interpretations in first paragraph.

Ayatollah:Sistani

Answer: In fact, the holy Quran emphasizes and sometimes repeats the same topics, subjects and stories due to importance of the message that lies in those things or sometimes Quran tells a story but means the same characters found in all eras like Moses and pharaoh. There are some books written or compiled especially in Persian that which topic or topics the each surah emphasizes on or discusses. Yes, you are absolutely right that we should look at every Surah as a whole to understand what the surah emphasizes most. In some Surah there is a story so it's verses are put in chronological order like Surah Yusuf but overall the place of verses in Quran is "tauqeefi" (meaning the verses were put in the suras as per order of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) to his companions according to the guidance of Gabriel) therefore the sequence of the verses is not the same as revealed on Holy Prophet (PBUH) so it may felt sometimes when reciting and reading the meaning of a Surah that the sequence is broken.
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